15-Great-Stories-That-Have-Nothing-To-Do-With-Politics.Html Falling Standard Of Education In Nigeria: Who Is To Be Blame?

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Falling Standard Of Education In Nigeria: Who Is To Be Blame?


The concept of “learning loss” is a relative term because there is no precise instrument to measure it with maximum reliability and validity. Because of this, scholars’ views on the concept have changed. These scholars look at it from different perspectives, depending on the angle from which each of them is looking at it.

Babalola, A (2006) looks at the concept from the admission of Nigerian university products to universities in developed countries. The first six Nigerian universities (University of Ibadan, Ile Ife, Lagos, Benin, Nsukka and Zaria) whose products competed favorably with any other university in the world as their products were sought after by Harvard, Cambridge, Oxford and London University. for admission to their postgraduate courses. That these students perform record breaking and when they graduate they are employed by the best multi-national companies and corporate organizations worldwide compared to today Nigerian universities are not among the top 6,000 universities in the world (Adeniyi, Bello (2008) why not worry ranking). . He values ​​how universities contribute to knowledge and solve problems that beset mankind.

According to Gateway to the Nation (2010), the University of Ibadan is ranked the 6,340th university in the world. In Africa, the University of Ibadan is 57th, OAU is 69th and South African universities are leading in Africa.

He used written and spoken English as a yardstick to measure the quality of education that the University of London conducted a study in West Africa and found that teachers trained by colonial masters were better than those trained by indigenous teachers.

He used staffing, funding, foundation, core, and students as standards of education.

To Dike, V. (2003) the quality of education is how education contributes to public health (or the socio-political and economic development of a nation).

Education standards to pass or fail external examinations like WAEC, NECO, NABTEB, JAMB, (NOW UTME) among others.

Teachers Without Boarders (2006) looks at the quality of education as measuring the products of schools in terms of outcomes. Thus school leavers contribute to society in terms of cognitive affective and psychomotor. I will use students to refer to both pupils and students, I will use headmaster to refer to both principals and head teachers.

However you look at the quality of education, to conclude whether the quality is declining or not, you must consider all of the aforementioned changes, including the achievement of educational goals.

Equally, justice in measuring these values ​​requires one to look at reliability where all schools measured have the same infrastructure, teaching materials, quality of teachers, level and degree of students, conditions in which education is received, some methods of assessment and some in society among others. Contribution in kind.

cause of decline in value

Haven discussed what makes the quality of education, may I indulge you in some established facts that undermine the quality of education in Nigeria.

(1) Discipline: This is one of the outstanding features of education if properly observed.

A. Repetition: Schools no longer monitor repetition because each student is promoted to the next grade, whether they realize it or not, allowing for a drop in standards.

b. Attendance: The universally accepted attendance of 75% is no longer observed as one’s basis for appearing in the examination.

c. Tardiness: Students are no longer penalized for tardy arrivals, thereby ruining their morning classes.

d Misbehavior: Students are no longer punished for misbehavior due to their parents’ influence (job loss or unnecessary transfer).

e Culture: It can refer to rituals, usually binding members to a common course under oath. They work secretly to fulfill their objectives to the detriment of other people. So, plan secondary needs above primary needs.

This religion exists due to over enrollment in schools, wrongful admissions based on merit, fear of failure in exams and selfish worldly gains.

(2) Quest for paper qualifications: Nigerians value paper qualifications above performance in the fields. Thus, cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains should be measured in the field.

(3) Politicization of education: Merit is no longer considered as it is now “who you know” and “what you can give” technocrats (educators are not appointed commissioners of education and training boards).

(4) Policy problem: Sometimes the kind of policy the government makes on education has an adverse effect on the output. For example, in Colleges of Education, we have the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE), competing with JAMB for admission as the two guidelines have changed.

Equally, WAEC, NECO, NABTEB, JAMB (now UTME) compete with qualified pre-requisites and regulation of entry into tertiary institutions.

(5) Teachers are not part of the examination institute. One wonders if the continuous assessment submitted by these teachers is used.

(6) Accessibility of schools: Nigeria’s population growth has outstripped the number of existing schools as existing schools have to be over-enrolled.

This point can be practically seen in the following areas:

(i) The teacher/student ratio is 1:25 and not like in my class, it is 1:3900.

(ii) Student/Book/Journal ratio of 1:10 is no longer possible.

(iii) Admission politics: Schools can no longer set admission targets according to their facilities as strong notes from above will force school authorities to either over-admit or find themselves back in the labor market. Yet those issuing these notes also build more schools or provide necessary infrastructure etc. to house the collectors of these notes.

(7) Over-reliance on the cognitive domain: Schools do not respect the emotional domain that will shape the character of our youth. Little attention is paid to the psychomotor domain while no attention is paid to the affective domain.

(8) Lack of qualified teachers: Some schools in rural areas have only head teachers as government employees and the rest are PTA workers who drop out from secondary schools. Can these workers perform miracles? Dike, V. (2006) found that only 23% of the then 400,000 primary schools in Nigeria have Grade II even though NCE is now the minimum qualification for teachers in primary and junior secondary schools.

(9) Teacher Welfare: Now there is no such news

(a) Politicians do not have negotiating councils to discuss their salary increases.

(b) There is no discrimination between political office holders in federal, state and local governments.

(c) Their salaries are increased astronomically.

(d) their pay is increased at any time without recourse to whether the economy of the country can bear it or not.

(e) But for teachers, they must negotiate their salary hike by 10 to 20% considering the nation’s economy. How can these teachers contribute and do miracles when their family members are in hospital and OS syndrome is written on their card by pharmacists when they have no money to treat them.

(10) Constant strike: It is a hindrance in the smooth covering of the syllabus. Oefule (2009) explained that a Nigerian guest asked a question about the strike at Oxford University but the vice chancellor could not even remember the strike, only the registrar remembered it 17 years ago. This is what governance means to the people.

(11) long rule of the military; According to Babalola, A(2006) education was not properly funded by the military regime, Obasanjos administration inherited many of the remaining problems of the military such as non-payment of pensions and gratuities to retired university staff, poor remuneration of university staff, dilapidated buildings. Schools, libraries with old books, outdated laboratory equipment, bad campus roads, inadequate water and electricity supply are others.

(12) At secondary and primary school level, schools have no buildings to speak of furniture, equipment and reading materials. The foundation of education should be laid at this level. A faulty foundation will lead to a faulty structure. What do you expect from third level?

(13) Lack of training of teachers: Teachers are not trained to update their knowledge with the latest findings based on research, so what can they do that they do not have?

(14) Poor condition of educational learning facilities: Dike V. (2006) reported that research findings show that more than 2015 primary schools in Nigeria have no buildings but study under trees, talking less about teaching materials.

(15) Corruption: School leaders and some government officials either use loan money to procure equipment that is of no use to the school or take such loans and even do nothing with it.

(16) Poor Budgetary Allocation to Education: A 2001 research work shows that Nigeria allocates less than 20% to education alone it also reveals that Nigeria spends 0.76% on education as against Uganda 2.6%, Tanzania 3.4%, Mozambique 4.1%, Angola 4.9%, Coted Ivore 5% Kenya 6.5% and South Africa 7.9% among others.

Who will be responsible?

We have looked at the reasons for the decline in value and from these reasons we can infer that the following can be attributed:

1. Government is assumed to bear the bulk of the blame because all other variables are dependent variables on it.

2. Teachers also have their share of blame for their diligent duties.

3. Parents: Feeding should be arranged by parents. This is because parents are not left to run the school without intervention.

4. Students: Students who do not follow school rules or do not pay attention to their studies also contribute to falling standards. Students also look for paper merits and ignoring performance they also participate in cult activities that derail academic progress.

5. Society is not left out as it sees and respects the products of these schools that recycle.


Based on the problems or factors identified above, the following solutions are suggested: Schools should be respected and disciplined to restore the lost glory of our educational standards.

Performance should be considered and respected more than mere paper merit. Similarly, education should not be politicized for any reason.

Policy makers should be aware of policies that affect education. Such as JAMB(UTME) regulation in admissions.

Teachers should be involved in examination activities and examination bodies should always publish examination reports and distribute them to various schools to organize school workshops to train subject teachers in respect of weaknesses observed in students’ scripts on following the marking scheme. .

More schools should be built to increase accessibility for all. Cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains should be used to assess students.

The government should prioritize the welfare of teachers to avoid unnecessary strikes in our education sector and recruit more qualified teachers to address the current shortage of teachers in our schools.

Our civilian government should prove to the people that they are better than the military government.

Teachers should be trained so that they can face any new challenges Educational facilities should be upgraded to modern standards and education facilities should be adequately provided.

Corruption should be eradicated to the minimum by all stakeholders while the government should increase its budgetary allocation to education to improve the quality of education in Nigeria.

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